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This is the process the Cadillac Dealer would go through to try to track down the cause of a dead battery. Some of it refers to steps you need a Tech II for, but it is interesting to understand the considerations:

Service Information Document ID# 1838899

Subject: Platform Battery Drain Diagnosis Procedure

- keywords accessory aftermarket generator low operation regulator volt voltage

#PIC3589A - (06/14/2006)

Models: 1996-2006 Passenger Cars and Light Duty Trucks that use Class 2

communications

This PI has been revised to update step 1 in the recommendation section. Please discard PIC3589.

The following diagnosis might be helpful if the vehicle exhibits the symptom(s) described in this PI.

Condition/Concern:

Platform Battery Drain Diagnosis Process - Battery is discharged for no apparent reason while vehicle is parked and locked - Intermittent draw and/or possible continuous draw(s) that slowly renders the battery below its serviceable voltage amperage level.

Please follow this process entirely:

1. Define the conditions which trigger the discharged battery:

1.1. How long does it take for the battery to discharge? This step will help determine if the

draw is large or small. Normally a draw, which takes the battery level down overnight after

operating the vehicle the day before, is rather large and is related to a switch, relay or other

electric/mechanical device. Small amounts of drain which take several days to take the

battery from a good state of charge to below the level required to start the engine can be

small single bulbs or modules which are either not going to sleep when they should, or

waking up intermittently for some unknown reason.

1.2. How many times has it happened to the customer? This step will determine if this is a

Random occurrence and/or intermittent.

1.3. Does it always happen in the same location? Is there some outside influence that surrounds

the vehicle that needs to be taken into account? This is most unlikely, but worth checking out.

1.4. Describe the customer's driving habits. Does the battery get to a state of being fully

charged on a regular basis or is this vehicle unable to crank due to a generally low state of

charge?

1.5. Is the vehicle equipped with any non-original equipment including cell phone, remote

starter, extra lighting, radio, CD player, LOJAK, etc. or OnStar (either dealer or factory

installed)? All of these items can be wired in such a way to either constantly draw

amperage, which they shouldn't, or in some way affect the class 2 modules on this vehicle

and/or the battery and charging system.

1.6. Does the customer leave the key in the ignition? Leaving the key in the ignition does not

generally cause a problem, but if the customer does not come back to the locked ignition

position after shutting the engine off however, many draws will be induced. This draw will

not be reduced and/or eliminated, this type of draw is due to the fact that the system is

designed to keep certain modules awake with the key in this position.

1.7. What is the previous history on this car, what parts have been replaced, what repairs have

been performed either in an attempt to correct this situation or that might impact it? Are

there any other reported problems with the vehicle which may relate to a discharged battery

concern - items which were previously reported/corrected and/or currently exist that the

customer (car recently bought used) does not recognize as a problem or the used car

manager reporting the discharged battery is unaware of? Recent repairs may or may not

relate to draw diagnosis; i.e. the IPC was replaced recently.

2. Perform a good visual and physical inspection of the battery cables. CHECK TORQUE OF

BATTERY CABLE BOLTS. If loose, check for signs of arcing and corrosion etc., grounds and

power leads to and from each of these, or BOLT MATERIAL IN BATTERY THREADS,

THERMISTOR (if equipped) CONNECTOR FOR PROPER SEATING AND TIGHTNESS.

What are the results of a battery/CHARGING SYSTEM test?

2.1. Perform a generator output test and a terminal drag test on generator terminal L.

Service Information

2.2. Fuses related to this concern: check for loose fuses in trunk and engine compartment

bussed electrical center by rocking each fuse with one finger, which may help identify the

fuse. The only repairs that may be made to the electrical center are replacement of plug-in

devices and mounting hardware, as follows: fuses, relays, circuit breakers, electrical center

cover, battery stud cover, and other snap-on covers, cover attachment thumb screw, labels

for fuse/relay identification, splash shields, and mounting brackets

3. What DTCs are currently present or have been recorded on previous visits to the dealer? Correct

as per the appropriate service manual.

4. Road test vehicle for 30-40 minutes, activate all accessories. Open and close all doors, windows,

deck lid, etc. CYCLE LUMBAR AND SEAT SWITCHES along with all other manually

operated switches including the trunk release, fuel door release, garage door opener, and valet

that have power to them all the time while the car is sitting. Don't forget to look FOR A STUCK

SWITCH/RELAY.

5. What is the parasitic draw on the vehicle after a 25-minute power down cycle? Using parasitic

draw test switch tool J38758 and a DVOM J39200, perform a parasitic draw test as per the

procedure in Section 6 Engine Electrical of the most current Service Manual. Record the draw

and read the reserve capacity of the battery in the vehicle. Divide the reserve capacity by four (4)

and the draw present should not exceed this number. Example: If the battery has a reserve

capacity of 100 amperes, the current draw should not exceed 25 mA on the DVOM. See section 6

of the appropriate service manual for acceptable draw limits for each module the vehicle may be

equipped with. Keep in mind the draw created by the OnStar system for the first 48 hours from

ignition off. The system will cycle every 10 minutes and cause a spike to approximately 250 mA

for about ten seconds, taper down to 75 mA for another 45 seconds and go to less than one mA

for the nine minutes until the next cycle begins. This is normal. The Class 2 data line should not

wake up during this sequence. This cycle stops if power is removed from the OnStar system for a

short period and will resume once the GPS signal is reacquired.

6. If the draw above is determined to be above the appropriate amount for the vehicle involved, are any modules on the class 2 data line staying "active" past the 25-minute time out mentioned above or waking up periodically after this time-out has passed? If one or more module is waking up, how many times and which module(s)? Use the Tech 2 and use the message monitor screen

with an external power source to the Tech 2 if performing an amp draw test while using message

monitor.

Recommendation/Instructions:

Here is a suggested procedure for performing a combination parasitic draw test while monitoring the class 2 devices on the vehicle:

1. Remove terminal 16 from data link connector (DLC).

2. Install tool #J38758 on battery.

3. Connect Fluke 87 to J38758 as described in section 6 of the appropriate Service Manual and set

to appropriate amp scale.

4. Connect Tech 2 to DLC

5. Connect 110-volt power supply to DLC end of Tech 2 cable.

6. Turn Tech 2 on

6.1. Main, enter

6.2. Diagnostics enter.

6.3. Year

6.4. Vehicle type

6.5. Diagnostic circuit check

6.6. Class 2 message monitor - remember; only modules which are currently communicating on

the Class 2 data line will show up on the message monitor screen. If the ignition is in the

accessory position as an example, the PCM and ABS controller will not be listed. If a

module, which the vehicle is known to be equipped with, does not show up on message

monitor when in the run position, this indicates a problem that needs correction prior to

proceeding.

7. Allow vehicle to sit with all doors closed and without activating any switches etc. until class 2

system has had enough time to power down, less than 25 minutes, or use the sleep mode to put all the modules to sleep. Once the sleep mode is enabled, the first module to "wake up" will be listed first on the message monitor screen with others listed in order of "wake up". The time from being put to sleep until the first "wake up" sequence will also be displayed. If a combination of three or four modules has come active, putting all of the modules back to sleep and pulling the fuse to one module at a time will help to narrow down which module may be waking up inadvertently.

Remember that module "wake up" can be caused by several factors. They include, but are not

limited to:

- input changing states - door switch going open and closed (hi/lo)

- power or ground coming and going to module

- module internal function incorrect

- Or in the case of the power master, amperage draws in excess of low power requirements or

another module which has these or other related concerns. These all can be checked with the

Fluke set to 1 millisecond record speed on min/max setting.

8. Open gate on J tool, and let vehicle sit for another ten (10) minutes and/or use sleep mode.

9. Review the amperage reading.

10. As the amperage draw tapers down below 10 amps, close the J38758 and switch Fluke 87 to

milliamp scale and record min/max on 100-millisecond scale. Open the J38758 again when done.

This step will allow the Fluke meter to record any spikes and keep the meter working during the

entire sequence. IF MIN/MAX IS NOT SELECTED, THE METER WILL TIME OUT AND

SHUT OFF.

11. After the vehicle has been sitting for the necessary time, check the number of counts as per

message monitor for each control module, i.e. each time a unit goes from inactive, to active and

Service Information inactive again. The module(s) with the highest number of counts may indicate a suspect area. Modules may be waking up on their own, (which is most unlikely) or activated by a switch input, power fluctuation, poor ground or input from other modules which are being activated.

12. Once it has been determined that the draw is either a component - relay, switch etc., which is

stuck or in some way reduces/contributes to the draw, determine which circuits are specifically

involved. Touching and/or removing fuses, relays, and connectors to suspect components after

reviewing the current wiring diagram until the draw is reduced to acceptable levels will lead to

the correct circuit. When exiting the message monitor screen and then re-entering the message

monitor screen, the Tech 2 will also wake up modules. DON'T BE FOOLED. Wait for the module

(s) to again go to sleep or use the sleep mode function.

13. Back-to-basics:

13.1. Checking ground credibility requires a voltage drop test under load

13.2. ALWAYS TEST FROM THE NEGATIVE SIDE OF THE CIRCUIT - A voltage drop test is performed at various points along the circuit from the ground side toward the positive side of the circuit until the point of high resistance is located.

13.3. ALWAYS MAKE CERTAIN THAT THE CIRCUIT LOAD IS "ON"

13.4. ALWAYS USE A HIGH IMPEDANCE METER LIKE A FLUKE 87

13.5. THE HIGHER THE VOLTAGE READING, THE HIGHER THE RESISTANCE IN THAT CIRCUIT

13.6. WHEN TESTING, TRY TO ACHIEVE A READING AS CLOSE TO ZERO AS POSSIBLE (USUALLY LESS THAN 25 MILLIVOLTS)

13.7. ALWAYS START WITH A FULLY CHARGED BATTERY!

Please follow this diagnostic or repair process thoroughly and complete each step. If the condition

exhibited is resolved without completing every step, the remaining steps do not need to be performed.

GM bulletins are intended for use by professional technicians, NOT a "do-it-yourselfer". They

are written to inform these technicians of conditions that may occur on some vehicles, or to

provide information that could assist in the proper service of a vehicle. Properly trained

technicians have the equipment, tools, safety instructions, and know-how to do a job properly

and safely. If a condition is described, DO NOT assume that the bulletin applies to your vehicle,

or that your vehicle will have that condition. See your GM dealer for information on whether

your vehicle may benefit from the information.

Bruce

2016 Cadillac ATS-V gray/black

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